Working in a warehouse is dangerous because of the wide variety of hazards present. The possibility of injury is all around. In any given day, employees may work with heavy boxes, powered industrial trucks, docks, conveyor belts and/or hazardous materials. According to the some studies, about 46 per cent of injuries that occur in the warehouse are strains and sprains. The most commonly injured body part is the back, followed by the lower half of the body, which includes legs, knees, feet and toes. Most importantly, employees overwhelmingly report overexertion as the top exposure causing on-the-job injury.
What do all these numbers and statistics mean to employees? They show that injuries occurring in warehouses across the country are common, but they are also preventable. Use the following information to prevent workplace hazards so employees can stay safe and healthy on the job.
One of the most important things employees can do to support workplace safety is to keep the warehouse tidy and organized, and encourage co-workers and management to do the same. Housekeeping is a team effort. Everyone must address problems right away. Slips and trips because of cluttered, wet or icy floors are common and can cause serious injury.
Though loading dock injuries are not as common as some others are, statistics show they have the highest rate of fatality or devastating injury. Ramps and inclines, overhead obstructions, dissimilar surfaces, slippery conditions, poor lighting, vehicular traffic, pedestrian traffic, restricted views, sheer drops, trailer creep, congested areas and debris accumulation are all common hazards at the loading dock.
It is essential that everyone follow proper precautions in order to keep the loading dock area as safe as possible. Employees should keep the area clean of debris by designating specific areas to put used pallets, containers and trash. They should never stack used pallets or containers too high, especially if there are pedestrians working in the area. Employees should always follow paint or tape markings indicating staging areas, aisles, overhead obstacles, obstructions and loading lanes whether they are walking, operating an industrial vehicle or driving a truck. Most importantly, they should never climb on docks, place any part of their body outside the dock door, jump down from docks or place themselves between the dock and a trailer. These are the most common causes of loading dock accidents.
In some ways, conveyor belts in the warehouse are safer than manual material handling. They eliminate some of the stress on workers’ backs, knees and ankles, and greatly enhance productivity. However, carelessness around conveyor belts also causes hundreds of injuries a year. When working with conveyor belts, workers are at risk for pinch-point and crush injuries as well as being trapped between a moving pallet load and a fixed structure. They should also watch out for sharp edges that cause cuts or bruises and hot parts that could scald or burn. Workers need to take these precautions to ensure their safety and health.
First, employees should never perform service on a conveyor unless they are authorized and only once they have followed the proper lockout/tag-out procedures. Failure to lockout/tag-out equipment is one of the biggest and most preventable mistakes employers and workers make. Employees should tie back long hair, not wear loose clothing or hanging jewellery, and remember to keep clothing, fingers and other body parts away from the conveyor – just because it has guards and safety devices does not mean employees cannot be injured.
In a warehouse setting, employees face injury or illness potential from vehicle exhaust fumes, cleaning fluids or the stored product itself. To protect themselves, employees should never leave vehicles running in a closed setting, always wear proper personal protective equipment (PPE) when cleaning or handling hazardous materials and know the proper procedures in case of a spill. In addition, they should be sure they know the location of first aid facilities, including the emergency eyewash and shower stations.
Employees may work in a setting where there is bulk storage of materials that ignite or burn easily. Pallets could ignite for a variety of reasons, including electrical fault, smoking on-site or improperly charging equipment batteries. To help lower risk of fire, never smoke in the warehouse, follow all battery-charging precautions and keep open areas free of debris. Employees should also take precautions in case of fire, including keeping all fire exits clear, making sure they are properly marked and knowing the location of extinguishers.
Industrial trucks present a serious hazard in warehouses, both in terms of driving them and charging their batteries. These vehicles, especially forklifts, are unstable by nature because they carry extremely heavy loads on only one end and have a continually shifting centre of gravity. When a load is on the truck, employees should carry it as low as possible with the mast tilted back to shift the weight toward the centre of the truck. Employees should lower their speed and drive cautiously on ramps, turns and uneven surfaces so the load does not shift unexpectedly.
Warehouse truck equipment can be powered in three ways: gas, propane or battery. For all types of refuelling or charging, employees need to wear the proper PPE, not smoke in the vicinity, turn off the vehicle and remove the key. For propane and gas refuelling, they should watch for leaks by detecting a distinct odour, a hissing sound or frost on fittings. If employees suspect a leak, they should address it immediately. For battery charging, they should always inspect connectors for damage and clean up battery acid spills immediately. Equipment charging is a serious task, and they should not perform this duty unless they are thoroughly trained to do so.
Your workers’ jobs involve lots of heavy lifting, bending and twisting, and these are motions that can lead to serious injury. The best idea is to avoid these motions when possible, but they are often necessary due to the nature of the job. Besides practising proper lifting technique, it is important for employees to use conveyors and machinery whenever safe and feasible to reduce the stress on their bodies. Otherwise, the ideal is a one-touch system. Employees should avoid moving and shifting products around more times than necessary. When possible, they should lift the product once and set it in its proper place so other people do not have to lift it again later.